Sarcophaga peregrina is usually considered to be of great ecological, medical and forensic significance, and has the biological characteristics such as the ovoviviparous reproductive pattern and adaptation to feed on carrion. However, the underlying mechanisms still remain unsolved by lack of high-quality genome. Here we present de novo–assembled genome at chromosome-scale for S. peregrina. The final assembled genome was 560.31 Mb with contig N50 of 3.84 Mb. Hi-C scaffolding reliably anchored six pseudochromosomes, accounting for 97.76% of the assembled genome. Moreover, 45.70% of repeat elements were identified in the genome. A total of 14,476 protein-coding genes were functionally annotated, accounting for 92.14% of all predicted genes. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that S. peregrina and S. bullata diverged ~7.14 Mya. Comparative genomic analysis revealed expanded and positively selected genes related to biological features that aid in clarifying its ovoviviparous reproduction and necrophagous habit, such as horionic membrane formation and Dorso-ventral axis formation, lipid metabolism, and olfactory receptor activity. This study provides a valuable genomic resource of S. peregrina, and sheds insight into further revealing the underlying molecular mechanisms of adaptive evolution.