Manganese (Mn) is a key cofactor in enzymes responsible for lignin decay (mainly Mn peroxidase), regulating the rate of litter degradation and carbon (C) turnover in temperate and boreal forest biomes.While soil Mn is mainly derived from bedrock, atmospheric Mn could also contribute to soil Mn cycling, especially within the surficial horizon, with implications for soil C cycling. However, quantification of the atmospheric Mn cycle, which comprises emissions from natural (desert dust, sea salts, volcanoes, primary biogenic particles, and wildfires) and anthropogenic sources (e.g. industrialization and land-use change due to agriculture) transport, and deposition into the terrestrial and marine ecosystem, remains uncertain. Here, we use compiled emission datasets for each identified source to model and quantify the atmospheric Mn cycle with observational constraints. We estimated global emissions of atmospheric Mn in aerosols (<10 µm in aerodynamic diameter) to be 1500 Gg Mn yr-1. Approximately 32% of the emissions come from anthropogenic sources. Deposition of the anthropogenic Mn shortened soil Mn “pseudo” turnover times in surficial soils about 1-m depth (ranging from 1,000 to over 10,000,000 years) by 1-2 orders of magnitude in industrialized regions. Such anthropogenic Mn inputs boosted the Mn-to-N ratio of the atmospheric deposition in non-desert dominated regions (between 5×10-5 and 0.02) across industrialized areas, but still lower than soil Mn-to-N ratio by 1-3 orders of magnitude. Correlation analysis revealed a negative relationship between Mn deposition and topsoil C density across temperate and (sub)tropical forests, illuminating the role of Mn deposition in these ecosystems.