Running Head: Rock uplift west of the Fairweather fault, AlaskaR.C. Witter1, H.M. Kelsey2, R.O. Lease1, A.M. Bender1, K.M. Scharer3, and P.J. Haeussler1, and D.S. Brothers41U.S. Geological Survey Alaska Science Center, Anchorage, AK, USA2Department of Geology, Cal Poly Humboldt, Arcata, CA, USA3U.S. Geological Survey Earthquake Science Center, Pasadena, CA, USA4U.S. Geological Survey, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, Santa Cruz, CA, USAAbstract [286/300 words]Contraction along the Yakutat-(Pacific)-North America plate boundary drives extreme rock uplift along Earth’s fastest slipping (≥49 mm/yr) ocean-continent transform fault, the Fairweather fault. Between Icy Point and Lituya Bay, the near-vertical Fairweather fault focuses rock uplift and rapid right-lateral slip by accommodating both vertical and fault-parallel strain during ruptures with a substantial vertical-slip component and separate, predominantly strike-slip events. We use 1.0 m resolution digital elevation models and offshore seismic reflection profiles to map active faults, uplifted marine and fluvial terraces, and document past reverse fault earthquakes with maximum 3–5 m of coseismic uplift per event. Radiocarbon and luminescence dating provide timing to estimate 4.6–9.0 mm/yr Holocene rock uplift rates, which match 5–10 km/Myr Quaternary exhumation rates estimated from thermochronometry. These unusually high uplift rates result from plate-boundary strain that is partitioned onto reverse faults that form, together with the steeply dipping Fairweather fault, a 10-km-wide, asymmetric, positive flower structure along a 20°, ~30-km-long restraining double bend in the Fairweather fault. The principal reverse fault in the flower structure is the offshore, blind Icy Point-Lituya Bay fault, which ruptures no more than every 460–1040 years evidenced by uplifted Holocene marine shorelines. Evaluated over a range of dips, the uplift on this reverse fault implies maximum 3.1–10 m dip slip per event and estimated earthquake magnitudes of Mw 7.0–7.5. Our model implies oblique slip on the Fairweather fault at seismogenic depths with and without co-rupture on the reverse fault. Oblique slip on the Fairweather fault is evident where it vertically offsets fluvial and marine terraces by >25 m, strikes >20° west of plate boundary motion, juxtaposes near-surface rocks of different strength, and where the Yakutat block collides obliquely into North America.