loading page

Parse, simulation, and prediction of NOx emission across the Midwestern United States
  • Huan Fang,
  • Greg Michalski,
  • Scott Spak
Huan Fang

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile
Greg Michalski
Author Profile
Scott Spak
Author Profile


Accurately constraining N emissions in space and time has been a challenge for atmospheric scientists. It has been suggested that 15N isotopes may be a way of tracking N emission sources across various spatial and temporal scales. However, the complexity of multiple N sources that can quickly change in intensity has made this a difficult problem. We have used a SMOKE emission model to parse NOx emission across the Midwestern United States for a one-year simulation. An isotope mass balance methods was used to assign 15N values to road, non-road, point, and area sources. The SMOKE emissions and isotope mass balance were then combined to predict the 15N of NOx emissions (Figure 1). This δ15N of NOx emissions model was then incorporated into CMAQ to assess the role of transport and chemistry would impact the 15N value of NOx due to mixing and removal processes. The predicted 15N value of NOx was compared to those in recent measurements of NOx and atmospheric nitrate.