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Earthquakes Detectability of KUT Infrasound Sensor Network During 2019
  • Islam Hamama,
  • Masa-yuki Yamamoto
Islam Hamama
School of Systems Engineering

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Masa-yuki Yamamoto
School of Systems Engineering, Kochi University of Technology 185, Miyanokuchi, Tosayamada, Kami, Kochi, 782-8502, Japan
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Infrasound waves can be defined as the sound waves with frequency range from 0.003 to 20 Hz. Kochi University of Technology (KUT) Infrasound Sensor Network contains 30 infrasound sensors which are distributed all over Japan, a large number of sensors are located in Shikoku Island, all infrasound stations installed with accelerometers to measure the peak ground acceleration (PGA) which can be a good detector for infrasound sources occur on or under the ground like earthquakes. Many earthquakes detected by our network after establishing of the network since 2016. In this study we will focus on all the possibilities for infrasound detection from earthquakes using KUT sensor network and International Monitoring system (IMS) stations for the earthquakes which were detected in southern of Japan during 2019. The selected events for this study are recorded in different international databases; Reviewed Event Bulletin (REB) database of International Data Center (IDC) , Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) and United States Geological Survey (USGS). There are different scenarios for infrasound coupling from earthquakes one of these scenarios is the conversion of seismic waves to acoustic from the generated T-phases of oceanic earthquakes. On 09 of May 2019, at 23:48:00 UTC an earthquake with magnitude 6.0 mb happened in west of Kyushu Island and infrasound sensors recorded a clear P-waves, However station K53 and I30JP recorded infrasound waves at distances ranges between 850 to 870 km, In addition to T-phases well-recorded from the earthquake in H11N station near Wake island at 3750 km from the event. Progressive multi-channel cross correlation method applied on both infrasound and hydroacoustic data to identify the arrival phases and the back-azimuth of the waves from station to the source. Moreover, infrasound propagation simulation applied to the event to confirm the infrasound arrivals. Ground to Space Model (AVO-G2S) used with HWM-14 and NRL-MSISE to construct the atmospheric profile for higher altitudes up to 180 km over the event area, furthermore the 3d ray tracing process and the calculation of the transmission loss equation by normal modes and parabolic equation methods applied. In conclusion this study shows the earthquake detectability from infrasound waves using local infrasound sensors for the largest earthquakes occurred in southern of Japan during 2019. Many parameters control the generation of infrasound from earthquakes; magnitude, depth, mechanism and the topographic features. In addition to the T-phases generation through the SOFAR layer can be an evidence of seismic conversion to sound for the oceanic earthquakes as occurred on the earthquake of 09 May 2019, after applying the propagation simulation with (AVO-G2S) model on this earthquake the tropospheric arrivals confirmed and the calculated celerities well-correlated with the real detected data .