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The Effects of Non-Normal Flow Rules on Fracture Angles in Viscous-Plastic Sea Ice Models
  • Damien Ringeisen,
  • L.Bruno Tremblay,
  • Martin Losch
Damien Ringeisen
Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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L.Bruno Tremblay
Mcgill University, Dept. of Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
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Martin Losch
Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung
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High-resolution viscous-plastic (VP) sea ice models reproduce the narrow deformations lines observed in the Arctic sea ice, called the Linear Kinematic Features (LKFs). Recent studies showed that standard VP models overestimate the intersection angles between the LKFs when compared to observations. We investigate fracture angles in a uniaxial compression test and two different VP rheology. The first one uses an elliptical yield curve and a normal flow rule. In contrast, the second rheology uses a different elliptical plastic potential that creates a non-normal flow rule. Results show that the non-normality of the flow rule changes the angles of fracture. This new rheology can create fracture angles as low as 22º when the rheology with normal flow rule is limited to angles above 30º. A newly adapted theory – based on one developed from granular material observations – predicts the modeled fracture angles accurately. Using a non-normal flow rule takes longer to solve numerically, but allow reductions of the fracture angle to values within the range of satellite observations and decouples the angle of fracture from the shape of the yield curve.