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Assessment Of Climate Change Impacts On The Extreme Precipitation In Upper Indus Basin
  • Mani Kanta Malla,
  • Dhyan Singh Arya
Mani Kanta Malla
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Dhyan Singh Arya
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Extreme precipitation events from the western disturbances have significant impacts on the water management and ecosystem services in the Upper Indus basin, a part of the Hindukush Himalayan region. Further, there are changes in the duration, intensity, spatial extent and frequency of extreme events due to climate change. In this domain, a few studies have assessed the impact of climate change in the study area with limited data. There will be high uncertainty in the outcomes obtained from the investigation of extreme events with limited data. Therefore, a comprehensive analysis of extreme precipitation events from western disturbances considering high resolution with long-term data is required in the study area. Accordingly, In the present study, Precipitation based ETCCDI Indices are calculated for every year, and non-parametric Mann-Kendall test is applied Sen slope is calculated to detect the changes in the monthly precipitation during the winter season for the period 1901-2019. The findings of the present study reveal the northwest region has an increasing trend in RX1day extreme precipitation of 1.85 mm per decade in December, and the rate has amplified due to the effect of western disturbances in January and February. Also, the pattern of RX5day extreme precipitation is consistent in January and February. Overall the wetness in increasing over the north-west part of the study area In recent decades, the northwest region of the upper Indus basin had faced more extreme events with severe impacts due to western disturbances, and outcomes from the study can improve the understanding of extreme events.