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The Impact on Quality and Uncertainty of Regridding Diverse Earth Science Data for Integrative Analysis
  • Michael Rilee,
  • Kwo-Sen Kuo
Michael Rilee
Rilee Systems Technologies LLC

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Kwo-Sen Kuo
Bayesics LLC
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Understanding and communicating the impact of uncertainty on scientific understanding is a critical unmet need in Earth Science. Challenging as uncertainty determination is for “low level” data, the impact of further processing must be understood, particularly when integrating diverse data types. For example, a fundamental source of diversity is data’s spatiotemporal distribution, for which Point, Grid, and Swath are the most important overarching geographical types. To bring different kinds of data together or bring observational data and model simulations together, observation and simulation values must be “regridded” onto the same grid, i.e. onto a comparable spatiotemporal representation. At the finest level, this requires a detailed understanding of instrumental fields of view and sensitivities. But regridding itself affects uncertainty, especially in situations where significant or irregular interpolation or even extrapolation are required. Furthermore, care must be taken combining diverse data lest the integrated product inherit the worst uncertainty characteristics of each. We have been developing capacities for indexing, regridding, and integrating observation and model simulation that scale to the size and diversity of Earth Science data. In this presentation, we review the fundamental problems associated with combining big, diverse Earth Science data for integrative analysis and how to quantitatively assess and propagate the uncertainties introduced. In particular, uncertainties associated with regridding diverse data for various popular grids and regridding schemes will be assessed.