Extramedullary multiple myeloma is seen in advanced and aggressive disease and occurs due to plasma cell infiltration of sites other than the bone marrow. Myelomatous ascites or pleural effusion is seen in less than 1 % of cases and can be differentiated from infectious etiologies based on fluid cytology.
Waldenström Macroglobulinemia (WM)/lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL) is often differentiated from myeloma based on the presence of lytic bone lesions (LBL). However, WM/LPL can present with LBL and management is poorly understood. We describe a case of an 81-year-old woman with LPL who presented with LBL and was successfully treated with chemoimmunotherapy.