We encountered a challenging case of endovascular repair for distal stent graft-induced new entry (SINE) using the AFX aortic cuff. Distal SINE was detected on follow-up computed tomography in a 68-year-old man who previously underwent primary thoracic endovascular aortic repair for Stanford type B chronic aortic dissection. The AFX aortic cuff was deployed via a previous endograft to just above the super mesenteric artery with blockage of the celiac artery origin. Postoperative computed tomography revealed no endoleak with a preferable conformation change of the externally mounted graft material of the AFX cuff against the tear (active-seal fixation).
Background & Aim: Traumatic aortic injury (TAI) is a life-threatening condition. We present cases of 7 patients with TAI limited at the isthmus. Case description: Seven patients with TAI were treated between January 2015 and December 2018; TAI was caused by motor vehicle crashes in all cases. The patient characteristics and the post-operation data were collected and analyzed. We performed thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for five patients during their first hospitalization using Relay Plus® (Japan Lifeline, Japan). While patient 6 underwent TEVAR 5 years after the injury, patient 7 was recommended conservative care because she had dementia. Since most of these patients did not have a history of hypertension, they were not on antihypertensive medications after TEVAR. Conclusions: In cases of TAI, intervention by TEVAR in the acute phase improves the patient’s quality of life. Additionally, TEVAR is expected to prevent TAI from enlarging to form an aortic aneurysm.
Abstract Introduction: Left atrial dissection is a rare complication of cardiac surgery, most commonly associated with mitral valve surgery. Herein, we report on successful conservative treatment of left atrial dissection by avoiding anticoagulation. Case Report: A 64-year-old man developed left atrial dissection due to retrograde cardioplegia cannulation during operation for acute type A aortic dissection. As there was no connection between the left atrial dissection cavity and the left atrium on enhanced computed tomography, we did not administer anticoagulants to prevent expansion of the left atrial dissection cavity. However, the patient developed atrial fibrillation, which was successfully managed by beta-blocker and amiodarone administration. Follow-up imaging showed gradual left atrial dissection reduction, and the patient was started on anticoagulation therapy. Conclusion: We were able to resolve left atrial dissection by preventing the use of anticoagulation therapy in the acute stage by managing the atrial fibrillation with antiarrhythmic drugs.
Migration of sternal wires into vital structures is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication. While a few cases have been reported, the sternal wires were broken in those cases. To our knowledge, this is the first report of multiple, non-broken migrated sternal wires stabbing vascular grafts. A 65-year-old woman with a long history of treatment for extended aortic pathology, which included replacement of the aortic root (Bentall procedure, coronary artery reconstruction with Piehler technique), aortic arch and thoracoabdominal aorta, as well as thoracic endovascular repair (TEVAR), underwent mitral valve replacement due to severe mitral regurgitation under third median sternotomy. The postoperative course was uneventful, and she was followed as an outpatient. Two years after the surgery, she complained of anterior chest discomfort. Computed tomography (CT) revealed hemorrhaging around the vascular grafts in the mediastinum and migration of several non-broken sternal wires into the vascular grafts. We suspected graft injury due to the sternal wires, and open repair by reopening the sternotomy incision was performed. During redo sternotomy, massive bleeding occurred, so cardiopulmonary bypass was urgently established via femoral cannulation, and her body temperature was brought down. After careful dissection, tearing of the grafts at both the ascending aorta and left coronary artery was found under circulatory arrest with moderate hypothermia. Polypropylene sutures were placed to control bleeding.