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Mechanism of Cryptovivipary in Wild Caper bush (Capparis sepiaria L.) Capparaceae
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  • Vasundhara Khot,
  • Jagdish Dalavi,
  • Jaykumar Chavan,
  • Shankar Shendage
Vasundhara Khot
Yashavantrao Chavan Institute of Science
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Jagdish Dalavi
Botanical Survey of India Western Regional Centre
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Jaykumar Chavan
Yashavantrao Chavan Institute of Science
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Shankar Shendage
Balwant College

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Abstract

Vivipary is the precocious and continuous growth of seedlings inside the fruits when they are attached to the mother plant. It occurs due to complex ecophysiological processes and adaptations involved in seed germination in marshy or unstable habitats such as estuaries, sea belts, tidal zones, riverine areas, rocky slopes, etc. In cryptovivipary seeds germinate inside the fruit but the seedling or plumule comes out when the fruit detaches from the mother plant. The vivipary was first time reported in 1965 in the caper bush (Capparis sepiaria), but lacked thorough mechanism and critical notes; the present manuscript highlights the mechanism of cryptovivipary in wild caper bush described. In addition, we provide an updated classification of viviparous plants to better describe and understand this trait.