The resilience of cryptocurrency market efficiency to COVID-19 shock
AbstractWe examine the price disorder and market efficiency of five cryptocurrencies (Bitcoin, BNB, Cardano, Ethereum, and XRP) before and during COVID-19 pandemic period. Using permutation entropy and Fisher information measure (FIM), we construct the Shannon-Fisher causality plane (SFCP) to map these cryptocurrencies and their respective locations in a two-dimensional plane and then apply sliding time window approach to study the temporal evolution of efficiency. All cryptocurrencies exhibit high but slightly varying informational efficiency during both periods. Cardano is the most efficient. These results might point to the increasing maturity and lower potential for price predictability, which matter to cryp-tocurrencies usage for liquidity risk diversification strategy.