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Computational analysis of a dual-port semi-circular patch antenna combined with Koch curve fractals for UWB systems
  • Arashpreet Sohi,
  • Amanpreet Rajpal
Arashpreet Sohi
Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology
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Amanpreet Rajpal
Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology
Author Profile


In this manuscript, a two-port semi-circular patch antenna with Koch curve fractals is presented as a suitable candidate for portable UWB communication systems. The proposed fractal array is engraved on a 1.57 mm thick FR-4 substrate with an overall array size of 30.5 × 47 × 1.64 mm3. The upper substrate layer consists of two microstrip-line fed semi-circular patches combined with two Koch curve fractals (optimized up to 2nd order of iteration) separated by a distance of λ/2. To mitigate the effect of mutual coupling between the radiating elements, the lower substrate layer consists of a reduced ground plane with a funnel-shaped decoupling structure. To achieve a high degree of isolation (S21/S12 ≤ -16.8 dB) between the ports of the proposed array, two rectangular and L-shaped slots (mirror images of each other) are etched from the upper surface of the reduced ground. The design and simulation of the proposed antenna array is implemented in CST MWS’18. The optimized fractal array covers the simulated frequency band from 4.395-10.184 GHz with a fractional bandwidth of 79.4 % (at a center frequency of 5.789 GHz) and provides a peak radiation efficiency of 88.8% (at 6.2 GHz frequency). The antenna diversity performance is analyzed in terms of envelope correlation coefficient (ECC ≤ 0.0021), diversity gain (DG ≥ 9.989), mean effective gain (MEG ≥ -3.7 dB), channel capacity loss (CCL ≤ 0.4 bits/s/Hz) and total active reflection coefficient (TARC ≤ -10 dB). The experimentally measured S-parameter results show a good match with the simulated ones.
31 Jan 2020Submitted to Engineering Reports
04 Feb 2020Submission Checks Completed
04 Feb 2020Assigned to Editor
05 Jun 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
11 Jun 2020Editorial Decision: Revise Major
29 Dec 20201st Revision Received
30 Dec 2020Submission Checks Completed
30 Dec 2020Assigned to Editor
13 Jan 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
22 Jan 2021Editorial Decision: Accept
26 Feb 2021Published in Engineering Reports. 10.1002/eng2.12378