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Sixteen years (2002-2018) of SABER measurements and the MSIS model were used to study the average SAO (semiannual oscillation) and AO (annual oscillation) variations of k$_{zz}$ (eddy diffusion coefficient) in the mesosphere (80-96 km).
  • Gary Swenson,
  • Fabio Vargas,
  • McArthur Jones Jr
Gary Swenson
University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, Illinois

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Fabio Vargas
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
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McArthur Jones Jr
U.S. Naval Research Laboratory
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The climatology of atomic oxygen (O) in the MLT (mesosphere and lower thermosphere) is balanced by O production via photodissociation in the lower thermosphere and recombination in the upper mesosphere. The motivation here is to establish the intra-annual variation in the eddy diffusion coefficients and eddy velocity in the MLT based on the constituent climatology of the region. The analysis method, originally developed in the 60’s (Colegrove et al. 1965), was refined for a study of MLT global inter-annual variations in global mean values (Swenson et al. 2018, 2019, respectively) ,(S19). In the this study, the intra-annual cycle was divided into twenty-six (two-week) periods for each of three zones, the northern hemisphere (NH, 15 to 55 degrees ), southern hemisphere (SH, -15 to -55 degrees ), and the equatorial region (EQ, 15 to -15 degrees ). Sixteen years of SABER O density measurements (2002-2018) and MSIS 2.0 model N , O and T profiles (80-96 km) were determined for each of the periods and zones for determination of O eddy diffusion velocities and fluxes. Atomic oxygen diffusive fluxes ([O]*v, 80-96 km) are balanced by the continuity of chemical loss, but the intra-annual variation of k$_{zz}$ (determined from v ) and [O] are determined separately. The major findings include: 1) A dominant AO below 87 km in the NH and SH zones, with the largest variation in amplitude between winter and summer at 83 km. 2) A dominant SAO at all altitudes (80-96 km) in the EQ zone. 3) Intra-annual variability in the global average [O] and k$_{zz}$ contribute to variability of O eddy transport in the MLT.